Mindfulness based cognitive therapy or MBCT blends two approaches - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Mindfulness.
In MBCT, the emphasis is on becoming aware of thought processes and their impact in a non-judgemental way. Traditional Cognitive Behavioural Therapy focuses on changing unhelpful thoughts to more helpful, positive ones.
MBCT is based on the eight week Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Program developed by Jon Kabat-Zinn at the UMASS Medical Centre in Massachusetts. Research has shown that MBSR is very helpful for people with chronic pain, hypertension, cancer, heart disease and digestive disorders, as well as anxiety, panic and stress.